About IAVCEI

Financial requests to IAVCEI

One of the missions of IAVCEI is to support the dissemination of the volcanological and geochemical knowledge. In this framework, IAVCEI promotes and economically supports scientific meetings, workshops and schools aimed to increase the cultural exchange though the international community.

IAVCEI provides financial support only to scientific events in which all of the participants are IAVCEI members. If not currently IAVCEI members, participants can either become members or pay an additional equivalent fee at the time of registration that will be subsequently transferred from the organisers to IAVCEI. Information on membership fees can be found on IAVCEI website.

Past Officers

Past Presidents

1919-1922

A. Ricco

Italy

1922-1927

A. Lacroix

France

1927-1933

A. Malladra

Italy

1933-1936

C.A. Ktneas

Greece

1936-1948

A. Michel-Levy

France

1948-1954

G.B. Escher

Netherlands

1954-1963

A. Rittmann

Switzerland/Italy

1963-1967

H. Kuno

Japan

1967-1971

G.A. MacDonald

U.S.A.

1971-1975

G.S. Gorshkov

U.S.S.R.

1975-1979

R.W. Decker

U.S.A.

1979-1983

S.A. Fedotov

U.S.S.R.

1983-1987

I.G. Gass

U.K.

1987-1991

S. Aramaki

Japan

1991-1995

P. Gasparini

Italy

1995-1999

G. Heiken

U.S.A.

1999-2003

S. Sparks

U.K.

2003-2007

O. Navon

Israel

2007-2011

S. Nakada

Japan

2011-2015

R. Cas

Australia

Secretary General

1919-1936

A. Malladra

Italy

1936-1960

F. Signore

Italy

1960-1967

F. Penta

Italy

1967-1975

P. Evrard

Belgium

1975-1983

P.E. Baker

U.K.

1983-1991

H.U. Schmincke

F.R. Germany

1991-1999

R.W. Johnson

Australia

1999-2007

S.R. McNutt

Alaska, U.S.A.

2007-2015

J. Marti

Spain

2015-2019 Executive Committee

President

Prof. Donald Bruce Dingwell

Department for Earth and Enviromental Sciences , Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat, Theresienstr. 41, 80333 Munich, Germany

Contact:

Phone: +49 (0) 89 2180 4136

Fax: +49 (0) 89 2180 4176

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President - Prof. D.B. Dingwell

Secretary General

Prof. Roberto Sulpizio

Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali, Università di Bari, Italy.

Contact:

Phone: +39 080 5442589

Fax: +39 080 5442625

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Secretary General - Prof. Roberto Sulpizio

Editor, Bulletin of Volcanology

James DL. White 

Geology Department, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand

Contact:

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Editor, Bulletion of Volcanology - Prof. James DL White

Vice-Presidents

Dr. Patrick Allard

Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France

Contact:

Tel.: +33 018 3957630

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Vice-President - Dr. Patrick Allard

Prof. Shanaka de Silva

College of the Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, USA

Contact:

Tel.: +1 541 7371212

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Vice-President - Prof. Shan Da Silva

Past President

(ex officio)

Dr. Ray Cas

School of Geosciences, Monash University, Victoria, Australia

Contact:

Tel International: +61 (0)3 9905 4897
Fax: +61 3 9905 4903

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Past President - Dr. Ray Cas

Committee

Dr. Eliza Calder

School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, U.K.

Contact:

Tel.: +44 (0) 131 6504910

Fax: +44 (0) 131 6507340

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Committee - Eliza Calder

Dr. Jan Marie Lindsay

School of Environment, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Contact:

Tel.: +64 9 923 8678

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Committee - Jan Lindsay

Prof. Michael Ort

School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, Northern Arizona University, Arizona, USA

Contact:

Tel.: +1 928 5239363

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Committee - Michael Ort

Prof. Lizzette A. Rodrìguez

Department of Geology, University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico

Contact:

Tel.: +787 832 40403583

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Committee - Lizzette A. Rodrìguez

IAVCEI Membership and Website

Dr. Eugenio Nicotra

Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali, Università di Catania, Italy

Contact:

Tel.: +39 320 6217743

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

IAVCEI Membership and Website - Eugenio Nicotra

IAVCEI Sub-Committees

The IAVCEI Executive Committee establishes Sub-Committees from time to time in order to explore some particular aspect of interest or concern and where the input of specialists may be required. All Sub-Committees report directly to the Executive Committee. Most are designed to have short lives.An exception is the Awards Sub-Committee which is planned as a regular fixture of the Association's management activities. The IAVCEI President normally is the Chair of the Sub-Committees.

What is IAVCEI?

IAVCEI stands for the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior. The Association represents the primary international focus for: (1) research in volcanology, (2) efforts to mitigate volcanic disasters, and (3) research into closely related disciplines, such as igneous geochemistry and petrology, geochronology, volcanogenic mineral deposits, and the physics of the generation and ascent of magmas in the upper mantle and crust.

IAVCEI is run by an Executive Committee whose membership changes every four years. The Executive determines policies for the Association, enacting them through a series of Commissions and TaskGroups. IAVCEI aims to be outward-looking, seeks relationships with other international scientific organisations, and participates in international scientific projects. It aims also to maintain a robust publishing policy, encouraging the presentation of high caliber, volcanological research results, mainly through its premier international journal the Bulletin of Volcanology.

Scope and Interdisciplinary nature of the IAVCEI

Volcanology over the last 25 years has increased greatly its status as a fundamental discipline in the earth sciences. Its concerns reach from the deep roots of volcanic systems where magma is generated in the Earth's mantle, to the upper atmosphere which was formed originally- and is still being modified - by volcanic eruptions. Furthermore, only part of the scientific interests of IAVCEI centres on active volcanism. Much of the work undertaken to understand volcanic processes is carried out on dormant or extinct volcanoes and in ancient volcanic areas. The earliest crust-forming processes on Earth were volcanic, and large portions of Archaean terrains- the greenstone belts-are entirely volcanic. A small, but dedicated part of the scientific community also studies volcanic processes on the Earth's Moon and on planets such as Mars and Venus.

Volcanoes are the result and surface expression of melting anomalies in the mantle-perhaps as deep as the core/mantle boundary where mantle plumes may originate-or in the lower crust. The magmas generated through partial melting rise towards the surface - a process that represents an important flux of mass and energy in planets. This flux passes through the lithosphere where it is accompanied by compositional and physical modification of themelts through partial crystallisation and reaction with the surrounding rocks. Magmas also interact with the hydrosphere (groundwater and seawater) before and during explosive eruptions. Furthermore, the volcanic rocks that underlie the ocean floor buffer the composition of seawater that circulates through the oceanic crust. Volatile elements are released where magmas approach the Earth's surface and during eruptions. The Earth's atmosphere, whose primeval origin is related to volcanic degassing, is modified still by this volatile release through volcanoes. Volcanic aerosols are the result of reaction and condensation of magmatic gases, in particular SO2 to form sulphuric-acid droplets in the stratosphere. Volcanic aerosols may affect climate significantly and thereby the biosphere.

The field of volcanology, then, is so broad that earth scientists from many disciplines must cooperate in studying and understanding volcanoes, and studies of volcanic systems and processes therefore overlap with the fields of interest of many IUGG Associations. This broad interdisciplinary aspect is characteristic of many IAVCEI endeavours and is the primary reason why IAVCEI belongs to IUGG and seeks cross-links with the other six Associations. Following is short list that is illustrative of some topics of common interest between IAVCEI and the other IUGG Associations:

 

International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior (IASPEI)
Physics and chemistry of magma generation. Volcano seismology.

International Association of Geodesy (IAG)
Ground deformation on volcanoes.

International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS)
Volcanic lakes and groundwater on volcanoes. Phreatomagmatic and phreatic eruptions.
The role of fluids in Earth processes.

International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA)
Magnetic, gravity, and electrical methods for monitoring volcanic activity.

International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (IAMAS)
Impact of volcanic eruptions on the atmosphere, weather, and climate.

International Association of the Physical Sciences of the Ocean (IAPSO)
Submarine volcanic activity and its thermal and chemical impact on the oceans.

Statute and By-Laws

The International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IAVCEI)

STATUTES AND BY-LAWS

(6th May, 2015)

STATUTES

I. Objectives of IAVCEI

a) To promote the study of volcanoes, volcanic processes and their deposits, past and present, and of the chemistry of the Earth’s interior;

b) To encourage, initiate, and coordinate research and to promote international cooperation in these studies;

c) To arrange for the dissemination and discussion of research results and policy matters on volcanology at major conferences (IAVCEI General Assembies, IAVCEI Scientific Assemblies, Cities on Volcanoes Conferences), and Research Commission Workshops and Field Workshops;

d) To arrange for the publication of the results of scientific research on volcanology and on the chemistry of the Earth’s interior through its dedicated journal, Bulletin of Volcanology, and book series;

e) To encourage volcanologists to alert appropriate authorities to the importance of adequate surveillance of active and potentially active volcanoes and of volcanic risk assessment;

f) To be the international reference body for advice on scientific policies relating to volcanic processes, hazards and risks;

g) To provide guidelines to professional volcanologists on protocols and principles in the conduct of their work, and to help them understand their responsibilities, the expectations and consequences of their actions, in their countries of employment and service

II. Relationship of IAVCEI to IUGG

2.   IAVCEI is a constituent association of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), but is autonomous in its governance structure and processes, as defined below.

3.   IAVCEI will contribute to IUGG through the IUGG Bureau, Executive Committee and Council through nomination of office bearers for the Bureau, participation of its President, and by invitation, Secretary General, in IUGG Executive Committee meetings, and their attendance at IUGG Council meetings when invited, to contribute the views of IAVCEI and its members, to the business of IUGG.

4.   IAVCEI will receive from IUGG an annual capitation fee, based on the number of IAVCEI delegates who register and attend IUGG General Assembly conferences as IAVCEI members.

III. Membership of IAVCEI

5.   In accordance with the Principle of Freedom of Participation in Learned Societies (see Appendix), anyone who has interests in volcanology or geochemistry can become a member of IAVCEI, irrespective of country of origin, and participate in the governance of IAVCEI.

6.   Those wishing to become members of IAVCEI must apply on-line for membership through the IAVCEI website, and must pay the annual fee to maintain membership.

IV. Administration of IAVCEI

7.   IAVCEI will be managed by a democratically elected Executive Committee, that is elected every 4 years, immediately prior to the IAVCEI General Assembly.

8.   The Executive Committee will consider business brought to it by members of the Committee, individual members of IAVCEI and the IUGG Bureau and Executive Committee.

9.   The IAVCEI Executive Committee will conduct its business progressively during its 4-year term through meetings of the Committee at IAVCEI Scientific and General Assemblies, and in the interim as e-business and video conferences.

10.   The IAVCEI Executive Committee is empowered to make policy decisions on behalf of IAVCEI and its members, but major policy decisions should be ratified by members through an on-line plebiscite, or at meetings of members during IAVCEI General and Scientific Assemblies.

11.   The Executive Committee of the Association shall consist of 11 members. Candidates for the following 9 positions are democratically nominated by, and elected by, IAVCEI members:

  • President
  • Secretary General
  • two Vice-Presidents
  • four Ordinary Committee Members
  • an Early Career Researcher, aged 35 or less at the time of nomination

12.   In addition, the immediate past-President will be an ex-officio member of the Executive Committee for one term to provide continuity and offer advice to the new committee.

13.   The Editor of Bulletin of Volcanology is invited to be a non-voting observer on the Executive Committee to provide insight from his/her dealings with IAVCEI members through the association’s publication processes. She/he may also be nominated to become an elected member of the Executive Committee.

14.   The President may only serve for one term as President.

15.   The Secretary General is elected for two 4-year terms.

16.   All other members of the Executive Committee are elected to serve for one term of 4 years in the first instance, but may serve one extra term if nominated and elected for a second term at the next election.

17.   No more than two members from the same country can be elected to the Executive Committee during one 4-year term of office.

18.   An Assistant Secretary may be appointed by the Secretary General to help with his/her duties, including the role of web-master for the IAVCEI website.

19.   The Executive Committee shall have the power to fill any vacancy that arises on the Executive Committee during the interval between successive elections for the IAVCEI Executive Committee.

20.   The Executive Committee shall have the power to appoint the Executive Editor of the Bulletin of Volcanology, as well as of other publications of the Association.

21.   The Executive Committee shall have the power to create and disband Research Commissions and Task Groups of the Association.

22.   Only members of IAVCEI can present papers at IAVCEI conferences, but scientists wanting to present papers at IAVCEI conferences can join IAVCEI at the time of registering for the conference. Distinguished invited keynote speakers may be exempted from this requirement.

23.   Countries that are represented by individual members may apply to the IAVCEI Executive Committee to have a National Correspondent for IAVCEI to represent their national volcanological community.

24.   National Correspondents are also appointed by the IUGG adhering scientific organisations in each IUGG financial member country, but it is recommended that appointments of such member country National Correspondents be done in consultation with the IAVCEI Executive Committee.

 25.   National Correspondents are required to act as conduits of information flow between IAVCEI and national volcanological communities, and may make representations on behalf of their national volcanological communities to the IAVCEI Executive Committee.

V. Nomination and Voting for the IAVCEI Executive Committee

26.   Only individuals who are members of IAVCEI can be nominated for election to the IAVCEI Executive Committee.

27.   Only members of IAVCEI can nominate another member for election to the IAVCEI Executive Committee.

28.   Candidates for election to the IAVCEI Executive Committee can be from any country, except candidates for the Presidency, who must come from IUGG member countries, according to IUGG Statutes.

29.   Only members of IAVCEI can vote in the election for the IAVCEI Executive Committee.

30.   Nominations for candidates for election to the IAVCEI Executive Committee, must be seconded by three other current individual members, each from countries other than that of the candidate.

31.   The outgoing Executive Committee has the power to nominate candidates for particular positions on the Executive Committee, when only one, or no candidates are nominated by members.

32.   Nominations must be called for and submitted to the Chairperson of the IAVCEI Nominating or Election Committee no later than six months before the General Assembly.

33.   The voting process will be anonymous and conducted electronically through the IAVCEI web site and will be initiated by the Secretary General and President at least three months before, and must close no later than one month before, the IAVCEI General Assembly.

34.   The Secretary General and Assistant Secretary are responsible for establishing a secure on-line voting site and process, that ensures that only IAVCEI members registered as members at a defined date can vote, and that members can only vote once.

35.   A Nominating or Election Committee will be responsible for overseeing the voting process to ensure that it is undertaken in accord with the current IAVCEI statutes and by-laws.

36.   The members of the Nominating Committee will be proposed by the President and endorsed by the Executive Committee no later than nine months before the IAVCEI General Assembly.

37.   The Nominating Committee will consist of no less than five current individual members of IAVCEI, one of whom, usually the Past President bar one, will be nominated to be the Chairperson.

 38.   All nominations of candidates for election to the IAVCEI Executive Committee shall be considered by the Nominating or Election Committee, which will produce a shortlist of at least one, but no more than three candidates for each of the positions on the new Executive Committee, except for the 4 general committee positions, for which no more than 12 candidates should be proposed.

39.   Not more than two candidates from the same country, can be proposed by the Nominating Committee as candidates for election to the Executive Committee as a whole.

40.   The Nominating Committee is also responsible for scrutinising the results and reporting the results to the President and Secretary General within a month following the close of voting.

41.   The candidate(s) with the largest number of votes for each position will be elected.

42.   The President-elect must be endorsed by a majority of IAVCEI National Correspondents from IUGG member countries. A non-response from a National Correspondent will be taken to be an endorsement for the President-elect.

43.   In case of a tie the Executive Committee at the time of the election will elect the candidate from among those with the same number of votes.

44.   The Secretary General will communicate through the website to all IAVCEI members the results of the elections before the General Assembly, and the new officers of the Executive Committee will be officially appointed during the General Assembly.

VI. IAVCEI Awards

45.   To honour outstanding achievements in research and contributions to volcanology and to IAVCEI, IAVCEI will make awards at the General Assembly and Scientific Assembly to the most suitable candidates who have been nominated.

46.   The awards to be made are:

a) The George Walker Award is for an early career researcher within 7 years of being awarded the PhD degree at the time of nomination. This is awarded every 2 years at each General and Scientific Assembly. Detailed criteria are available on the IAVCEI website.

b) The Wager Medal is for a mid-career researcher within 15 years of being awarded the PhD degree at the time of nomination. This is awarded every 2 years at each General and Scientific Assembly. Detailed criteria are available on the IAVCEI website.

c) The Thorarinsson Medal is awarded to a senior researcher with an outstanding international research record. The medal is awarded only at the Scientific Assembly. Detailed criteria are available on the IAVCEI website.

47.   Candidates for IAVCEI awards must be members of IAVCEI.

48.   Candidates for IAVCEI awards can only be nominated and supported by IAVCEI members.

49.   Nominations for all IAVCEI awards must be made in writing by one member, and supported with supporting letters by no more than 3 other members.

50.   The principal nominator and the 3 supporting members must be from different countries to ensure that all candidates have international profiles, and have contributed to volcanology at the international level.

51.   An Awards Sub-Committee will be established by the President 6 months before a General Assembly or Scientific Assembly. The President will be Chairperson of the Awards Committee and will invite at least 4 other members with significant international research profile and experience, representing different geographic regions around the world and ensuring gender balance, to join the committee. Each member of the Awards Committee will have an equal say in the outcome for each award.

52.   In addition, at each Scientific Assembly, the IAVCEI Executive Committee may decide on and award Honorary Life Membership to up to 3 members for their contributions and services to volcanology and IAVCEI over an extended period of time.

VII. Alteration and Interpretation of Statutes

53.   These statutes shall be changed only by a majority of at least two thirds of votes by members in attendance at the General Assembly business meeting for members, or through an on-line plebiscite for members.

54.   Any individual member may propose in writing an alteration, or alterations, to the Statutes, provided the proposal is supported by three other, current individual members in writing.

55.   The Executive Committee may also propose changes to the Statutes.

56.   The Executive Committee shall have the power to decide whether the proposal will be distributed to members to vote on through an on-line plebiscite or at a General Assembly.

BY-LAWS

I. National Volcanological Communities/Organisations, and National Correspondents

1.   Individual countries are encouraged to establish national volcanological communities/organisations, with the following functions:

a) To foster volcanological research within their own country, and encourage membership of IAVCEI;

b) To nominate through their National Committee a National Correspondent who will act as the principal contact between IAVCEI and their national community and have the power to represent their country’s views at IAVCEI General Assemblies;

c) To submit topics for discussion at the General Assemblies of the Association. Topics so submitted should be notified to the Secretary General of the Association at least three months before the General Assembly;

d) To facilitate and coordinate, as appropriate and necessary, the dissemination of IAVCEI NEWS, correspondence and other information relating to the affairs of IAVCEI.

2.   National Correspondents of IUGG member countries are asked to endorse the IAVCEI President-elect at the General Assembly.

II. Duties of Officers of the Association

3.   The function of the Executive Committee is to exercise general oversight of the affairs of the IAVCEI. It should meet during each General Assembly and Scientific Assembly, and when possible during other IAVCEI meetings. At other times the Executive Committee will conduct the affairs of the Association by email exchange among its members. Its duties include the following:

a) To consider proposals for changes to the Statutes and By-Laws

b) To fill committee vacancies arising between elections for the Executive Committee.

c) In the event of the President’s position becoming vacant between General Assemblies, the Executive Committee shall appoint one of the Vice Presidents to act as President until the next General Assembly.

d) To assist in preparing the agenda and making arrangements for General Assemblies and other meetings

e) To appoint a Nominating Committee for the short-listing of candidates for election as new office bearers and the conduct of the election

f) To appoint the Executive Editor and Associate Editors of the Bulletin of Volcanology and other publications

g) To endorse Commissions and Working Groups proposed by the Vice-Presidents. 

h) To consider applications for funding to the Executive Committee by Commissions, IAVCEI Conference organizing committees, individual members seeking support to attend conferences, and special purpose grants from affiliated organisations

i) To determine the membership fee structure and membership fees

j) To promote the interests of the Association.

 4.   The Executive Committee will also conduct the business of the Association between General Assemblies and take on the particular responsibility of pro-actively fostering the objectives and interests of the Association, the Commissions and Task Groups. The Executive Committee is responsible also for establishing Sub-committees to deal with specific aspects of the work of the Association.

 5.   The duties of the President are to

 a) Preside at General Assemblies and Scientific Assemblies of the Association and, in consultation with the Secretary General, to regulate the business of the Association.

b) Sign documents on behalf of the Association.

c) Select and chair the Awards Committee.

d) To appoint Task Groups to address specific issues and to liaise and work with them to ensure the goals of the Task Group are achieved in a timely manner.

e) Be responsible for all protocol aspects related to the Association.

6.   The duties of the Vice-Presidents are to

a)   Preside at General Assemblies and Scientific Assemblies in the absence of the President.

b) Be prepared to become President should the presidency become vacant between elections.

c) Foster pro-actively the objectives and interests of the Association.

d) Manage the IAVCEI Commissions and Task Groups program, and have the responsibility for ensuring that all Commissions and Task Groups are active and functioning effectively.

7.   The duties of the Secretary-General of the Association are:

a) To carry on all correspondence relating to the affairs of the Association;

b) To maintain and preserve the records of the Association;

c) To maintain a mailing list of members of the Association, and to receive and process membership applications;

d) To administer the funds of the Association, to prepare at the end of the calendar year preceding a General Assembly the accounts of the Association, and to arrange that they shall be properly audited

e) To prepare annual Financial and Activities reports for members and for IUGG

f) To ensure that the annual reports of the Association are published and distributed;

g) To prepare a budget for the ensuing four-year term.

h) In consultation with the President and members of the Executive Committee, to prepare the agenda and make arrangements for the next General Assembly, and

i) To cooperate with the other Associations of IUGG in arranging the scientific program for IUGG/IAVCEI General Assembly conferences, and with the local organising committee for the IAVCEI Scientific Assembly conferences.

 8.    The duties of the Assistant Secretary, in the case where one has been appointed, are to assist the Secretary-General in carrying out the duties of the Secretary General, especially in maintaining the membership register, email address list of members, and the Association website. The Assistant Secretary may be appointed Secretary-General in the event of that position becoming vacant between General Assemblies.

 9.   The duties of the webmaster, in case of one having been appointed, are to assist the Secretary-General in managing the website of the Association.

10.   The Executive Editor of the Bulletin of Volcanology shall normally be appointed for no more than 6 years, and shall:

a) Administer the process of receipt of manuscripts and their distribution to the Associate Editors for review and acceptance (or otherwise).

b) Be responsible for maintaining high standards of content and presentation of the Bulletin of Volcanology.

c) Be empowered to sign documents on behalf of the Association that are pertinent to the Bulletin of Volcanology.

 d) Appoint Associate Editors, with the approval of the Executive Committee; AEs will normally serve for periods not exceeding four years.

III. Commissions, Working Groups, Task Groups, and other committees

11.   The Executive Committee, on the advice of the Vice Presidents, may establish any Research Commission devoted to the international promotion of research in any speciality of volcanology and chemistry of the Earth’s interior.

12.   Commissions are usually initiated by submission of an application to the Vice-Presidents and Executive Committee by a group of members with common, but well-defined research interests, which can be presented an important research theme. Commissions may also be initiated by the Executive Committee to fill a need or gap in the research activities of IAVCEI, by contacting groups of members to encourage them to form a Commission.

13.   Each Commission will have one or more leaders.

14.   At least one leader should be an early career researcher.

15.   The leaders will present proposals for the objectives, program, and membership of the Commission for approval by the Executive Committee.

16.   Leaders normally will serve for periods not exceeding four years.

17.   Leaders are expected to solicit interest and participation from IAVCEI members who may be interested in the research theme(s) of the Commission, and build up a contact list of such members.

18.   Leaders should regularly provide information to and solicit suggestions from their network of members on proposed activities, and make arrangements to organize Commission activities.

19.   Every Commission is required to propose and organize at least one symposium research theme for every IAVCEI General Assembly and Scientific Assembly.

20.   The convenors of every Commission hosted symposium must include at least one Early Career scientist.

21.   Commissions are also encouraged to organize workshops and field workshops affiliated with the major IAVCEI conferences, or outside of these, or jointly with other commissions within IAVCEI, or with Commissions from other IUGG Associations, which have related research interests.

22.   Commissions may propose the formation of Working Groups to explore research interests that represent a sub-theme of related research theme to that of the Commission.

23.   Working Groups should also submit an application to the Vice-Presidents, with the endorsement of the Commission leaders, with a specified life-span and clearly enunciating the goals of the Working Group.

24.   At the end of the term of the Working Group it is expected to submit a report to the Vice Presidents, summarizing the outcomes.

25.   At the end of the term of a Working Group, it may be terminated, or if the members of the Working Group feel there is continuing momentum, then the Working Group may submit an application to become a Commission.

26.   All Commissions and Working Groups are required to submit a brief one to two page report of activities annually to the Vice-Presidents.

27.   The President in consultation with the Executive Committee may establish Task Groups devoted to the short-term completion of specific scientific tasks, at the end of which term, a report(s) will be submitted to the President and the Executive Committee.

28.   The President in consultation with the Executive Committee may also establish small committees devoted to the completion of specific administrative tasks.

29.   These will include the Awards Committee whose responsibility, under the chairmanship of the President, is to prepare recommendations for the IAVCEI Awards at the time of the Association’s General Assemblies or Scientific Assemblies, and the Election Nominating Committee, which will oversee the election process.

IV. Alteration and Interpretation of By-Laws

30.    These By-Laws shall be changed only by a majority of at least two thirds of votes by members in attendance at the General Assembly business meeting for members, or through an on-line plebiscite for members.  

31.   Any individual member may propose in writing, alteration, or alterations, to Statutes and By-Laws, provided the proposal is seconded (in writing) by three other current individual members.

32.   The Executive Committee may also propose changes to the By-Laws.

33.   The Executive Committee shall have the power to decide whether the proposal will be distributed to members to vote on through an on-line plebiscite, or at a General Assembly.

APPENDIX

Principle of Freedom of Participation in Learned Societies

IAVCEI adheres to the Principle of Freedom of Participation in Learned Societies for all scientists:

a)   All scientists should be able to apply for, and be accepted for, individual membership of scientific learned societies or associations, and should be able to participate freely irrespective of age, cultural background, race, religion, political or scientific views, disability, gender, gender orientation, country of origin, country of residence, or financial status of those countries in the learned society or association.

b)   All scientists who become individual members of scientific learned societies or associations should be able to participate in the activities of such societies or associations, including attendance at conferences and other activities, voting on matters that are brought to the membership, nominating others for committee positions, being nominated for committee positions and serving in those capacities if voted in by the membership.

c)   Membership of a learned society or association may only be rejected or cancelled if the candidate or member has been guilty of (i) professional malpractice, (ii) discrimination against others on the grounds of age, cultural background, race, religion, political or scientific views, disability, gender, gender orientation, country of origin, country of residence, or financial status of those countries in the learned society or association, or (iii) bringing the society or association into disrepute by unfairly maligning it.

d)   Disagreeing with the policies of the association or society in good faith is not deemed to malign the learned society or association, but represents the democratic right of any member of an enlightened learned society or association to state their views.

Links with IUGG and other Organizations

IAVCEI collaborates not only with other Associations within IUGG International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, but with other international organisations too. UNESCO, in particular, has been a long-term associate of IAVCEI. It supports, especially, the role that IAVCEI plays in mitigating volcanic disasters. UNESCO has been supportive recently in the production of the video tape "Understanding Volcanic Hazards" (see below) and in the preparation of a volume of papers on monitoring volcanoes and assessing volcanic hazards. IAVCEI is involved with the UNESCO International Mobile Early-Warning System)s) for Volcanic Eruption and Related Seismic Activities (IMEWS) through the IAVCEI World Organisation of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) Commission (see below). IAVCEI also has links with the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs.

IAVCEI currently is committed to the aims of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR) which was approved by the United Nations General Assembly to run between 1990 and 1999. The general objective of the IDNDR is `to reduce through concerted international action, especially in developing countries, the loss of life, property damage, and social and economic disruption caused by natural disasters' (UN General Assembly Resolution 44/236). The IAVCEI Bureau established a special IDNDR Task Group that was active in generating a practical set of objectives for IAVCEI during the course of the Decade, and which is now a Sub-Commission of the Commission on the Mitigation of Volcanic Disasters (see below). The aims of IDNDR are in line with the independently derived and long-standing commitment of IAVCEI to foster a greater understanding of high-risk volcanoes throughout the world.

Another international project of interest to IAVCEI is the International Geosphere Biosphere Program (IGBP) which has been advanced through ICSU. IGBP is concerned with global change, and especially with assessing the effects of man-made activities on the environment, such as the production of carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, methane, and other gas emissions, primarily through fossil-fuel burning. Volcanism also can have a major influence on the gas and aerosol content of the atmosphere, andtherefore IAVCEI has established a Commission entitled Volcanism and the Earth's atmosphere (see below) to tackle this topic in the context of global change.

The International Union of Geological Sciences is one of the largest non-governmental scientific organizations in the world. It promotes and encourages the study of geological problems, especially those of worldwide significance. It co-sponsors the quadrennial International Geological Congress, the International Geological Correlation Program and the International Lithosphere Program (with IUGG and ICSU). International Union of Geological Sciences IUGS-International Union of Geological Sciences.

The International Lithosphere Program The purpose of the ILP is to study the nature, dynamics, origin, and evolution of the lithosphere through international, multidisciplinary research projects and coordinating committees. The program operates under four program themes: geoscience of global change, continental dynamics and deep processes, continental lithosphere, and oceanic lithosphere. The ILP solicits suggestions for new projects each year. For information on current ILP projects, visit ILP's home page at this link.

Organizational framework for IAVCEI

Scientists who study the Earth including its surrounding hydrosphere and atmosphere, have formed two international unions: the IUGG-International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) and the International Union of Geological Sciences IUGG-International Union of Geological Sciences. IAVCEI is a member Association of IUGG, even though many on its activities classify as 'geological' and even though there are many discipline links with IUGS. IUGG itself is a member of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) which therefore represents the parent body of IAVCEI.

IUGG is a non-governmental organisation that was established in 1919. It is dedicated to the scientific study of the Earth and to the application of the knowledge gained to the needs of society- for example, environmental preservation, reduction of the effects of natural hazards, and mineral resources. IUGG consists of seven Associations. IAVCEI is one of the seven, and the International Association of Seismology and the Physics of the Earth's Interior (IASPEI) is another. These two associations, as their names imply, are designed to complement one another to a large extent. Seismology is a common interest to both associations, and IAVCEI itself has a strong commitment to understanding the physical (PEI) as well as the chemical (CEI) aspects of magma generation, transport, and emplacement.There are also important cross-linkages with other IUGG Associations (see below).

The International Association of Volcanology (IAV) was founded in 1919 and was the forerunner of IAVCEI. IAV Statutes and By Laws were adopted in Helsinki in 1960 and were revised in Zurich in 1967 and in Canberra in 1979. `Chemistry of the Earth's Interior' (CEI) was appended to `IAV' in 1967 in order to harmonise with the name of IASPEI.

The statutes of IAVCEI include four objectives:

1. To study scientific problems related to volcanoes and volcanic processes, past and present, and to the chemistry of the Earth's interior.

2. To encourage, initiate and coordinate research, and promote international cooperation in these studies.

3. To encourage volcanologists to alert appropriate authorities about the importance of adequate surveillance of active and potentially active volcanoes, and of volcanic risk assessment.

4. To arrange for the discussion and publication of the results of scientific research on volcanology and on the chemistry of the Earth's interior.

Countries are members of IUGG. After 1996, individuals have been able to become members of IAVCEI. Countries that are members of IUGG have IUGG national committees which represent its member associations. Some countries also have national volcanological sub-committees that, in some instances, are an important national focus for volcanological activities. A National Correspondent is appointed by the IUGG national committee (or the volcanological sub-committee) to be the key contact point for IAVCEI in that country (this person is normally the Chair of the sub-committee), and a National Delegate is appointed to represent that country at General Assemblies of IAVCEI.

The Association is committed to serving the interests of individuals and not only nations. It therefore encourages individual participation in the activities of the Association as IAVCEI members and as participants in its Commissions and Task Groups.

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Bulletin of Volcanology

Official Journal of the IAVCEI.
Executive Editor: Andrew Harris
ISSN: 1432-0819 (electronic version)
IAVCEI Members have discounts on journal volumes

Cities on Volcanoes 10

“Millennia of Stratification between Human Life and Volcanoes: strategies for coexistence”. Attention will be on the resilience of human societies to volcanic risk,  and volcanic environments perceived as resources.